How to Clean a Handgun

How to Clean a Handgun

Being a responsible gun owner is more than just keeping your weapons safe from unauthorized access, it also requires knowledge on how to properly clean and maintain the smooth function of a gun. Having the best small gun safe to store your small gun is a necessity. Beyond that, regular gun cleaning ensures that it is ready for use at any time. Always remember that a dirty weapon is inefficient, unreliable, and dangerous. Learn about the simple and easy steps on how to clean a gun.

With so many varieties of firearms in the market, we will discuss the basics first, which are:

  • Hunting rifles
  • Semi-automatic rifles
  • Handguns

Safety Before Cleaning

Before you start cleaning your gun, you need to read the owner’s manual first. The manual will guide you on how to disassemble your gun before cleaning. It will give you an overview of how to handle your gun properly. If you don’t have a manual, you can simply order it from the manufacturer or you can get it online.

Aside from that, you have to familiarize yourself with the structure of your gun, the specific areas that need lubrication and the right tools to use for disassembly. It is very important that you know this information. This is because handling a gun with limited knowledge about its ins and outs can cause damage to the weapon or injury to the people around you.

In addition to this, you need to work in a well-ventilated room because you will be handling harmful chemicals. With this, you need to wear safety gloves and goggles to lower your exposure to toxic substances. You also need to have an absorbent surface area which you can easily throw away after cleaning your gun. To do this, cover your work area with layers of plastic bags, or tarpaulin. Then, put several layers of paper towels or newspaper on top of it.

Lastly, always ensure that your gun is unloaded and it’s facing a safe direction before you clean it. Taking safety precautions before doing anything to your firearm will prevent unfortunate accidents. On top of that, always separate your ammo from gun oil and solvents since it can trigger misfire.

Cleaning Tools and Equipment

Now that you know the drill before cleaning your gun, here is the basic cleaning equipment you need, to get started:
  • Cotton swabs
  • Cleaning rod
  • Gun oil
  • Solvent
  • Powder fouling
  • Bore brush
  • Small bore flashlight
  • Nylon cleaning brush
  • Patch holder and patches

How to Clean a Handgun

Now that you have the right tools, you can start cleaning your firearm. Below are the steps on how to properly clean your gun.

First, put a sufficient amount of solvent into the bore brush, and apply it to the bore in a back and forth direction. For better results, make sure that you put a lot of solvent.

After you ensure that the bore is thoroughly scrubbed, you can remove the bore brush from the cleaning rod and place a patch holder. Then, run the patch to the barrel in a back and forth motion. Typically, the first batch of patches will have a lot of dirt; just keep swabbing new set of patches until it comes out dirt-free. Use the flashlight to track any signs of residue and repeat the procedure until it’s thoroughly cleaned.

After that, apply a generous amount of gun oil to a clean patch and use it to oil the bore. If you are cleaning a revolver, you need to apply it to every chamber. Then, put a solvent into the nylon brush and rub it into the outer areas of the gun. Lastly, wipe off the extra solvent and excess residue using a rag.

You need to understand that each gun has different lubrication areas. This is the reason why you need to look it up into your owner’s manual guide.

Keeping Your Handgun Safe

After cleaning, you need to spread the lubricant all through the gun for better circulation. On top of that, you need to reassemble it correctly.

Cleaning your gun only takes a few minutes of your time. This quick routine will protect your firearm from detrimental damages and will maintain its long-lasting effect. With this being said, cleaning your gun is a good practice. For additional safety, keep your weapon in a handgun safe, without any bullets. You can keep the clip inside the safe as well or keep the bullets in a separate storage space.

Now that you know the basics on how to clean your weapon, make sure that you follow the safety precautions we have mentioned above to keep you away from fatal injury and accidents. If you are still learning how to disassemble a gun, you can always ask assistance from professionals.